Fetisov Journalism Awards 2020
Category: Contribution to Civil Rights
"Migrants from Another World"
María Teresa Ronderos, José Guarnizo Álvarez, Alberto Pradilla Mar, Alejandra Elisa Saavedra López, Almudena Toral, Martina María De Los Ángeles Mariscal Pioquintio, Christian Locka, Christian Trujillo Gallego, Deepak Adhikari, Eduardo Contreras, Maye Primera, Mónica Gonzáles Islas, Nathan Jaccard, Ronny Rojas Hidalgo, Suchit Chávez, Juan Arturo Gómez, Ushinor Majumdar, Manno Wangnao, Felipe Reyes, Diego Arce, Noelia Esquivel, Mary Trini Zea, Paul Mena, Mónica Almeida, Estevan Muniz, Ibis León, Iván Reyes, Giancarlo Fiorella, Laureano Barrera, Sebastián Ortega
(Colombia, Mexico, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Panama, Ecuador, Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, US, India, Nepal, Cameroon, UK)
María Teresa Ronderos is a Colombian journalist, and director and co-founder of the Latin American Center for Investigative Journalism (CLIP). She is a columnist of daily El Espectador. She founded and directed VerdadAbierta.com, specialised on investigating war and peace in her native country. Author of several books, including best-seller Guerras Recicladas (2014), about the history of paramilitarism. Her investigative journalism career has been recognised with the “journalist of the year” Simón Bolívar Colombian national award (2104), the Maria Moors Cabot (2007) and the Ortega & Gasset (2020) awards.
José Guarnizo es cofundador de Voragine.co. Comunicador social de la Universidad de Antioquia y máster en Creación literaria de la Universidad Pompeu Fabra, de Barcelona. Fue editor de Nación de la revista Semana, editor general de Semana.com, editor de investigaciones de El Colombiano. Ganador de múltiples premios entre los que está el Rey de España en dos ocasiones (2011 y 2020), del Premio Excelencia Periodística de la Sociedad Interamericana de Prensa -SIP- (2020), del Premio Simón Bolívar (en 2018, 2019 y 2020), entre otros.
Alberto Pradilla es reportero en Animal Político, México, especializado en migración y derechos humanos. Autor de “Caravana: cómo el éxodo centroamericano salió de la clandestinidad”.
Alejandra Elisa Saavedra López es diseñadora e ilustradora mexicana. Ha colaborado en diversos medios de comunicación, y desde 2009 es parte de SacBé producciones, colectivo audiovisual enfocado a temas de derechos humanos y culturales en México. Su búsqueda es lograr construir puentes entre la información, la imagen y el lector para detonar el pensamiento crítico.
Almudena Toral es periodista visual y documentalista. Encabeza el equipo de video y documentales en ProPublica. Anteriormente, encabezó video en Univision Noticias Digital, enseñó en Craig Newmark Graduate School of Journalism y trabajó en The New York Times y TIME.
Christian Locka, is an award winning freelance reporter of Cameroon nationality who exposes corruption, illicit finances, human rights abuses, and organized crime for a couple of years now. His work has appeared in established publications such as 100 Reporters, Washington times, public radio international, Usa Today. The former fellow of the Fund for Investigative Journalism(FIJ) and the Investigative Reporters and Editors (IRE) is since 2019 the founder and CEO of the Museba project, a training and reporting news organization in central Africa.
Christian Trujillo Gallegos (México, 1979). Animador con experiencia de 19 años en el área de motion-graphics y postproducción en diversos proyectos. Actualmente divide actividades como freelance, docente y gestor cultural.
Deepak Adhikari is an investigative journalist based in Kathmandu, Nepal. His investigations have been published in websites of investigative journalism platforms including Organized crime and Corruption Reporting Project and Center for Investigative Journalism-Nepal. He is also the editor of South Asia Check, a fact-checking organization based in Nepal.
Diego Arce es Desarrollador de aplicaciones web costarricense, quien trabaja para El Clip. Especializado en el área de Front End y la visualización de datos desde el 2009.
Eduardo Andrés Contreras es periodista y director de documentales. Ha recibido cuatro Premios Nacionales de Periodismo Simón Bolívar en Colombia y fue nominado al premio Emmy en 2007. Ha colaborado con The Guardian, Channel 4, Natgeo, entre otros. Cuando trabajó para esta historia, era director multimedia de Revista Semana.
Estevan Muniz es reportero de TV Globo, actualmente del programa semanal 'Fantástico'. Cubre derechos humanos y salud. Ha hecho reportajes de conflictos en República Democrática de Congo y Siria. Ganó el premio Vladmir Herzog de Derechos Humanos en 2016. Dirigió los documentales 'Ganado Marcado' y 'El Cuaderno de Pacha'. Es mestre en periodismo internacional y político por la Universidad de Columbia
Giancarlo Fiorella is a Senior Researcher and trainer at Bellingcat, an open source digital research collective. Since 2018, Giancarlo has worked on projects focused primarily on Latin America.
Ibis León, La Guaira, Venezuela. 22 de septiembre de 1992. Periodista venezolana, egresada de la Universidad Central de Venezuela. Actualmente trabajo para Efecto Cocuyo como reportera de la fuente política.
Iván Ernesto Reyes, Maracay, Venezuela. 24 de abril de 1993. Periodista y fotoperiodista venezolano residenciado en Caracas. Actualmente trabajo para Efecto Cocuyo. Creo en el periodismo y en el poder de contar historias.
Periodista independiente del Darién Colombiano, quien concibe el periodismo como una construcción de verdad, a partir de diferentes voces.
Laureano Barrera. Nacido en Quilmes, una ciudad del Gran Buenos Aires, en 1980. Docente, investigador y periodista especializado en Justicia y Derechos Humanos, sus artículos y reportajes se publican desde 2005 en medios de Argentina y el extranjero: Miradas al Sur, Cosecha Roja, revista Anfibia, Crisis, THC, Junge Welt y Kulturaustausch, Gatopardo y otras. En 2017 fundó su propia agencia de periodismo judicial, Perycia. Su primer libro está en imprenta: un perfil sobre la fundadora de la organización Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo.
Manno Wangnao did her honors in Economics and followed it up with a degree in Journalism from Times School of Journalism in India. She had stints with various Indian media organizations before joining the Confluence Media. She is now a freelance journalist.
Ushinor Majumdar is a reporter, researcher, author and a budding screenwriter. He has worked as an investigative reporter with various Indian news organizations before joining the Confluence Media.
Mary Triny Zea es periodista tiene más de quince años de experiencia en prensa escrita, televisión y radio. Durante su carrera ha ganado siete premios nacionales de prensa, entre estos el Gran Premio Nacional de Periodismo y cuatro reconocimientos internacionales, ente estos el Premio Latinoamericano de Periodismo de Investigación. Actualmente labora en la Unidad de Investigación del diario La Prensa de Panamá.
Maye Primera es periodista multimedia bilingüe, venezolana radicada en Estados Unidos. Ha trabajado como reportera y editora durante más de 20 años, cubriendo temas de política, inmigración, fronteras, derechos humanos y violencia en América Latina y EEUU.
Mónica Almeida, periodista con más de 30 años de experiencia y especializada en periodismo de investigación. Becaria de la Nieman Foundation at Harvard University, miembro del Consorcio Internacional de Periodistas de Investigación (ICIJ) y parte del equipo que trabajó en los Papeles de Panamá.
Mónica González Islas (1976). Fotógrafa y documentalista con sede en México, especializada en producción y desarrollo de proyectos independientes a través del Web documental, Multimedia y Transmedia.
Noelia Esquivel Solano. Periodista costarricense que investiga y escribe sobre derechos humanos, migración, género y población LGBTIQ+. Desde 2017 trabaja en La Voz de Guanacaste, medio regional y bilingüe que investiga y retrata lo que acontece en la zona norte, costera y fronteriza de Costa Rica.
Paúl Mena Mena es periodista y profesor universitario, especializado en análisis y visualización de datos. Soy parte de la Unidad de Investigación de diario El Universo, de Ecuador, y colaborador del Consorcio Internacional de Periodistas de Investigación. Tengo una maestría en Periodismo Digital (University of Strathclyde, de Reino Unido) y en Literatura Hispanoemericana (Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar, de Ecuador).
Ronny Rojas. Costa Rican investigative journalist based in the US. He currently works with Noticias Telemundo. His work has been recognized with numerous awards, including a national Emmy, the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award and the Ortega y Gasset Award.
Sebastián Ortega. Periodista especializado en derechos humanos. Fue redactor de Cosecha Roja e Infojus Noticias. Publicó en Rolling Stone, Anfibia, Crisis, Le Monde Diplomatique y Página 12, entre otros.
Suchit Chávez. El Salvador. Periodista desde 2004. Ha trabajado en diversos medios y organizaciones como periodista de staff, editora y freelance como La Prensa Gráfica, Plaza Pública, Alharaca, Ojo Público, Internews, Clip, ICFJ, Connectas y otros. Ha fungido como capacitadora de periodistas a nivel regional.
"Migrantes de otro mundo" ("Migrants from Another World")
May 28, 2020
Migrants from another World, is a crossborder investigative journalism collaboration by the Centro Latinoamericano de Investigación Periodística (CLIP), Occrp; Animal Político (Mexico) and the Mexican regional media Chiapas Paralelo and Voz Alterna, from the network Periodistas de a Pie; Univisión Digital News (United States), Revista Factum (El Salvador); La Voz de Guanacaste (CostaRica); Profissão Réporter deTV Globo (Brazil); La Prensa (Panama); Revista Semana (Colombia); El Universo (Ecuador); Efecto Cocuyo (Venezuela); and Anfibia/Cosecha Roja (Argentina) in Latin America. Other collaborators in the investigation were The Confluence (India), Record Nepal (Nepal), The Museba Project (Cameroon) and Bellingcat (United Kingdom). This project received special support from the Fundación Avina and the Seattle International Foundation.
Migrants from Another World
Every year thousands of people expelled from Asia and Africa cross Latin America looking for the north like swallows disoriented by an altered climate. Along the way, the already painful journey of these extraordinary human beings is made unnecessarily difficult by almost all governments, who put them at constant risk. This collaborative, cross-border investigation tells the story of their passage through our countries.
I met Kamal on the morning of January 16 of this year in Necoclí, a village of about seventy thousand people with a rough green sea and poor fishermen on the edge of the Gulf of Urabá, in the north-western corner of Colombia. Kamal was fleeing from Dhaka, Bangladesh, after religious extremists burned down his tea shop. His country has a Sunni Muslim majority, and, like the rest of the region, it has been affected by the ravages of global terrorism and the war against it and by the sectarian demagogy of leaders in both hemispheres. These have led to criminal attacks on the homes, businesses and temples of Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim and Christian minorities.
Every year, half a million Bangladeshis are forced to leave their country. Those exiled by violence, like Kamal, are joined by those displaced due to climate change, which has especially affected this low and overpopulated country: increasingly frequent floods and landslides sweep the land under their feet.
Like most migrants, many of them take refuge in neighbouring countries, seeking to rebuild their lives not too far away from their regions. Many, however, decide to leave for the Americas. Between 2017 and January 2019, 1,608 Bangladeshis requested refuge in Brazil.
Kamal, too, flew to Sao Paulo, but he connected directly to Bolivia and there began his journey northwards overland. That’s where he was going when we talked to him in Necoclí. Throughout 2019, Bangladeshi were in the top-five list among the Africans and Asians who took this route to the United States or Canada. Seven hundred and three travellers with this passport were registered by Colombian migration points, and officially, 1,561 were presented to migration authorities in Mexico.
The forces of globalization that now shape our lives - transnational economies, multinational militias, remotely ordered bombings, climate change, the Internet - have turned on the taps of migration across the planet. There are 50 million more migrants today than there were ten years ago, and the percentage of people living in a different country than their own has been increasing.
This cross-border investigative collaboration, involving 18 media organisations in 14 countries, uncovers an intense and little-known chapter of migration in our world today.
We have called it “Migrants from Another World” because it tells the stories of people who travel between five and ten thousand miles to the opposite side of the planet. Once in the Americas, they cross the continent in express buses or planes, in speedboats or rafts, in clandestine taxis or private cars taking hidden routes and tricky shortcuts, always towards the north, to the United States or Canada, like stunned swallows. Often, they cross entire stretches relying only on their legs, the wings of hope.
They are Migrants from Another World because the moment they set foot on the continent, their Bengali, Lingala or Hausa, Fula, Hindi or Nepalese, Arabic, Urdu or Sinhalese lose all their value, and not even French, Portuguese or English are of any use to them in the deepest villages, where no one understands them.
They are from another world because their courage and conviction are extraordinary. Determined to make a new life for themselves and - often - to open paths for those they leave behind, they take on the exploitation of swindlers on the road, the hostility of migrant posts and the corruption, they endure assault and rape, hunger, fear and threats, imprisonment and death.
“Death is also a form of freedom,” says my colleague Juan Arturo Gómez, a member of this journalistic team who lives in the Gulf of Urabá region, very close to the border with Panama. He heard the phrase from an immigrant, and it stuck with him.
Why such a long journey?
Many reasons make migrants take this route, which seems absurdly long. One often mentioned by Africans is that the road to Europe via Libya, where they torture and enslave travellers, terrifies them. Another is that the United States offers fewer and fewer quotas for refugees, which made it possible to wait patiently at home or in a friendly country until they were allowed to fly safely and directly.
In fact, the Trump administration has narrowed refugee quotas (reducing the 110,000 planned by the Obama administration for 2017 to 18,000 this year, and now reduced to zero with Coronavirus). This left them with no choice but to attempt this tortuous route that can take months and enter illegally and beg for asylum once inside. It’s the case of the 1,327 Indians who were granted asylum in the United States in 2018, the last year for which the government provides figures.
Moreover, with instant global communication no place seems so distant, no journey seems so lonely. On phones and in internet cafés they follow the digital pebbles left behind by their fellow countrymen. Relatives and friends extend a helping hand, sometimes paying for the trip. Other times they pay for it themselves by borrowing from their families, selling whatever goods they have - like Kamal, who sold his land -, or getting in debt with their future as sole guarantee of payment.
They have Facebook and WhatsApp on their phones, and they can report what happens to them along the way. They spin networks by nationality, like the one Malians and Senegalese have been building in Brazil and Argentina since the late 1990s. In chat groups, those who have already made it through put them in contact with some migrant protectors - like Luis Guerrero Araya, whom I met in La Cruz, Costa Rica –, and they can let others know if there are problems.
Once some find soil to lay down roots, they call the others, and those call others. This is what humanity has always done: migrate in clusters.
This long journey is also possible because, although they are unwelcomed almost everywhere, their money is always welcomed. It flows easily from accounts in Karachi in Pakistan and Douala in Cameroon to Cruzeiro Oeste and Sao Paulo in Brasil or to Apartadó in Colombia, it crosses all borders with very little paperwork, through multiple international instant money transfer services like Western Union or MoneyGram, often mentioned.
This is what this journalistic alliance heard from many migrants in different parts of the American geography, as well as from the official sources, academics and activists who spoke to us.
Over 40 journalists and editors and translators, cameramen and photographers, producers and creators, programmers and developers, designers and artists built Migrants from Another World. We were united by one purpose: to put flesh and blood on these migrants who have been almost invisible to the world. Even in the annual reports of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), they barely show up.
Their stories are only printed when tragedies happen or, worse, when their perpetrators are the subject. In this nine-month investigation, however, we followed their stories from beginning to end. We wanted to hear from those who managed to settle in the North and ask them whether it was worth the cost they paid; we wanted to find out what happened to those deported or imprisoned, to put a face and a name to those who died and whose remains lie in unknown places or mass graves by the roadside.
Our hope is that after cruising through the five chapters of Migrants from Another World more people will know that these migrants exist, in all their humanity, and that more will hear their only clamor: a safe and dignified passage through the continent.
* Migrants from another World, is a crossborder investigative journalism collaboration by the Centro Latinoamericano de Investigación Periodística (CLIP), Occrp; Animal Político (Mexico) and the Mexican regional media Chiapas Paralelo and Voz Alterna, from the network Periodistas de a Pie; Univisión Digital News (United States), Revista Factum (El Salvador); La Voz de
Guanacaste (CostaRica); Profissão Réporter deTV Globo (Brazil); La Prensa (Panama); Revista Semana (Colombia); El Universo (Ecuador); Efecto Cocuyo (Venezuela); and Anfibia/Cosecha Roja (Argentina) in Latin America. Other collaborators in the investigation were The Confluence (India), Record Nepal (Nepal), The Museba Project (Cameroon) and Bellingcat (United Kingdom). This project received special support from the Fundación Avina and the Seattle International Foundation.
Following the trail left in the Colombian jungle by Pradhan from Nepal
Three images tell the journey of this Nepalese migrant, who went through 15 borders to reach the USA.
By Deepak Adhikari, with the reporting of Nathan Jaccard and José Guarnizo
For many migrants, Puente América, was the last stage before hell. This hamlet of 30 houses is located in Chocó, the poorest province in Colombia. The village is less than 25 kilometers away from the border with Panama if you draw a line between the two points. However, there are no such things as straight roads in this thick jungle.
Shipwreck in Chiapas
By Alberto Pradilla, with reporting by Angeles Mariscal and Christian Locka from Cameroon
At least three Cameroonians died in the October 11 shipwreck off the coast of Chiapas. Eight others survived. This is the worst accident yet involving African migrants in Mexico. Only one of the families managed to recover their remains. The survivors are in the United States, fighting for their asylum case.
No one understood Nguyen in El Salvador
By Suchit Chavez, with reporting by Ronny Rojas
In December 2018, the Vietnamese Van Dung Nguyen was determined to migrate to the United States when he was arrested at El Salvadors international airport with a false Salvadoran passport. He was not accused of being a criminal, but he was not allowed to continue his journey. After that he just wanted to go home. He was as invisible as the thousands of other extra-continental migrants.
Back Home and with Broken Dreams
By Ushinor Majumdar, Manno Wangnao and Nathan Jaccard
A thousand miles. That was the distance that separated three Indian migrants from the United States when they were deported by Mexican authorities back to their country, along with 308 of their compatriots. After spending a fortune and traveling halfway round the world, they are broke and back where they began.